The home page for this series on the prophecies fulfilled by Jesus’s first coming is First Coming Prophecies.
The Lord God said to the serpent,
“Because you have done this,
Cursed are you more than all cattle,
And more than every beast of the field;
On your belly you will go,
And dust you will eat
All the days of your life;
And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.”
To the woman He said,
“I will greatly multiply
Your pain in childbirth,
In pain you will bring forth children;
Yet your desire will be for your husband,
And he will rule over you.”
(Genesis 3:14-16 NASB, emphasis mine)
This verse is recognized as the first prophecy in the Bible regarding the coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ1.
There are several points to make here. The first is that the seed of the serpent is going to be able to hurt Jesus. But, it will be the equivalent of getting stabbed in the heel. Painful, but not debilitating.
The second is that Jesus will bruise the seed of the serpent on the head. In other words, Jesus will decisively kill the serpent. The writer of Hebrews tells us that Jesus rendered powerless the power of the devil: death (Hebrews 2:14-15). And Paul tells us that “the God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet.” (Romans 16:20 NASB) His final destruction will be to be cast into “the lake of fire and brimstone.” (Revelation 20:10)
The third is that Jesus is to be the seed of the woman. This is important, because Jewish genealogies are always reckoned through the male, not the female. It is not explained here, nor anywhere else in Moses’s writings. Not until over three thousand years go by will it be made more clear: Jesus will have no human father. He will only have a human mother, and she will give birth to Him while she is still a virgin.
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